Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Fyodor Konyukhov: A Russian See The Ark of the Covenant?

The article published in The Voice of Russia, August 26, 2010

The famous Russian traveler Fyodor Konyukhov has become the first European to see with his own eyes the legendary Arc of the Covenant that preserved the Scrolls received by Moses on the Mount Sinai.

This is the holiest relic of the Coptic Christianity. It has never been shown to any non-consecrated person. Most likely, this may be the reason that led to many theories about the place where it is being preserved. At a chapel in the ancient capital of Ethiopia, Aksum, the Ethiopian priests showed the Arc of the Covenant to Fyodor Konyukhov who has recently been ordained deacon by the Russian Orthodox Church, and is preparing for an African expedition with the blessings of the head of the Russian Orthodox Church Kyrill. Sharing his impression Fyodor Konyukhov has this to say.

“I did not expect it, but the Ethiopians showed me the Arc of the Covenant,” says Fyodor Konyukhov. “It was four O’ clock, and I was with priests at the service. I was standing near the keeper of the relic and I looked into his eyes. I have never seen such a person. Light was emitting from his eyes. He could not talk to me, because priests do not talk during Lent. The Arc of the Covenant was taken out and it was shown to me. An Ethiopian operator was at the scene and filmed the event,” Fyodor Konyukhov said.

Fyodor Konyukhov has made six solo expeditions around the world aboard a yacht, climbed all the highest peaks, including the Mount Everest, travelled to the North and South Poles, and sailed around the Antarctic. He plans to launch an expedition to the African deserts. He is now preparing for this. He is in Moscow from Addis Ababa for only two days, but decided to share his impression with our listeners.

Fyodor Konyukhov. Photo: RIA Novosti
The Russian traveler has agreed with the Ethiopian authorities on the construction of a Russian Orthodox chapel in Addis Ababa. It will be St. George chapel, says Fyodor Konyukhov.

“We met with the builders and Ethiopian workers. Our embassy helped us. I hope to install a cross at the site before I leave for the expedition in February,” Fyodor Konyukhov said.

An expedition to the hot African desert will start on February 20th and will run for 35 days. We will use camels during the expedition, says Fyodor Konyukhov.

“Our group will consist of seven people, two herdsmen, two guards, one translator, a cook and me. I am the only one from Russia and I wish to have a Russian operator to cover the expedition,” Fyodor Konyukhov.

The famous traveler arrived in Ethiopia in response to a request by its government that hopes he can lay interesting and comfortable routs for tourists. In short, we will be able to see interesting places in the country in the near future.

Meanwhile, a cupola for the St. George chapel is being made in Sofrino near Moscow. Fyodor Konyukhov will shortly leave for Africa to prepare for the expedition.

By Mikhail Aristov
The Voice of Russia

The Turkey's Sumela Monastery

Source: bioneural

The Sumela monastery in Trabzon, Turkey date back to 386 AD. In many recent years it has become tourist attraction. Before the state of Turkey founded there were 300.000 Greeks living in this area of the Black Sea Coast. After 1922, it called treaty of Lausane  between two country,  Greece and Turkey, that Greeks must leaving Turkey and then The Sumela monastery abandoned. Finally in August, 2010.first mass after 87 years held in this Greek Orthodox monastery.

During the reigns of Theodosius I (375-395), two Athenian priest  named Barnabus and Sophronius found a miraculous icon of Virgin Mary in a cave on a mountain during their traveling from Athena to Trabzon, and decided to built a church on the site. Later became a monastery.

The monastery surrounded by beautiful forest and in the bottom of the mountain flowing a creek


Sunday, October 10, 2010

Where is The Ark of the Covenant? ( IV)

This is the series from the question:
Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

Could the real Indiana Jones have been Finnish? Early in the 20th century, a Finnish scholar and poet named Valter Henrik Juvelius (1865–1922) claimed to know where the Ark of the Covenant was hidden. Juvelius believed that certain ciphers in biblical passages—when read in their original Hebrew format—could reveal the secret hiding place of the greatest biblical treasure on record. He thus obtained a Hebrew Old Testament and tried to solve the problem...before going to the Holy Land and digging underneath the Temple Mount, the most holy site for three of the world's major religions.

Juvelius qualified as a surveyor in 1887 and completed his academic studies, receiving the title Candidate of Philosophy the following year. For the next 20 years, he served as a surveyor at Ilmajoki and Lapua. In 1897, he published his first collection of poems, entitled Kuvia ja säveliä ("Images and Notes"). One of the poems he wrote, "Karjalan Kunnailla" ("O Hills of Karelia"), is still very well known in Finland. He also translated many Swedish and Finnish authors, as well as the works of foreign writers such as Goethe, Burns, Byron and Poe, into Finnish. For the poetry books and translations, Juvelius used the pen name "Valter Juva".
Nothing so far in the life of Juvelius indicated what direction his work and legacy would take. But a clue can be found in his doctoral dissertation, written in Swedish and presented in 1906 to the Imperial Alexander University of Finland (nowadays Helsinki University). The subject was Jewish chronology and his thesis was approved; he was now "Doctor Juvelius". Nevertheless, there was no direct connection between his subject matter and his ensuing quest for the Ark of the Covenant. Clearly, though, Juvelius was moving in this direction.

Walter Juvelius

He was a man of letters but also a man of ciphers, it seemed. Juvelius became convinced that the Old Testament Book of Ezekiel contained a secret code that described the location of the Ark of the Covenant and the route to it. This was decades before Eli Rips, as reported by Michael Drosnin, believed he had found a "Bible code", but decades after "Egyptologists" had "identified" a biblical chronology in the passageways of the Great Pyramid. The Book of Ezekiel is, in essence, prophetic but has been interpreted in various ways, from giving an accurate description of an extraterrestrial spaceship to referring to the fixed cross of the Zodiac, as cosmologist Patrizia Norelli-Bachelet believes the vision describes. For Juvelius, it concerned the Ark of the Covenant.
The secret location of where the Ark was kept in safety, Juvelius believed, had only been known to Ezekiel and the high priests. Little is known about Ezekiel, but we do know that he was a priest in the temple at Jerusalem, was the son of a priest and had a wife prior to being carried off in the Jewish Exile of 597 BC at the age of twenty-six. He died before the captivity in Babylon ended. If the Ark was still present in Jerusalem in 597 BC (there is no hard evidence that it was…or wasn't), and if it had been secreted away ahead of the invading army, then the secret of where the priests had hidden the precious artefact was about to die with them. Hence, they needed to preserve that knowledge so that a future generation could retrieve the most precious of Jewish artefacts. This theory could explain how the Ark disappeared, as well as the Bible's consequent silence on this point—though it is equally possible historically that the Ark disappeared several centuries earlier. The central question, of course, is whether the Book of Ezekiel did contain a code—and if it did, it seems worthy of a new Dan Brown novel!

Juvelius was convinced that he had cracked the Ezekiel code. Like so many who believe they have cracked a code, he drew maps and sketches, pointing to the exact place underground tunnels which led from the area of the Gihon Spring (the main water source in First Temple times) to the Temple Mount—and to the location of the Ark of the Covenant. During the siege of Jerusalem by the Assyrian king Sennacherib in 701 BC, King Hezekiah of Judah built a tunnel to access the Temple Mount, and the Pool of Siloam to act as its reservoir. Juvelius was specifically interested in the tunnel system known as "Hezekiah's Tunnel", discovered in 1838, and the cave system called "Warren's Shaft", found in 1867 by an Englishman, Captain Charles Warren. These water systems, Juvelius believed, had been adapted and reworked, beyond what was known so far, into a series of underground tunnels.
But it is one thing to believe something and another to investigate it on the ground. Juvelius knew that a dig on—or, even worse, under—the Temple Mount was not only illegal, it was sacrilegious and thus was very unlikely to receive any permission whatsoever to go ahead. Still, to obtain an excavation permit, Juvelius would have to get approval from the Turkish government. There were two major problems: first, despite what some later records would allege, he did not have enough money to finance the operation himself; second, it seemed most unlikely that a Finnish surveyor would be given such a permit.

To realise his ambition, Juvelius formed a company in London in 1908 in the name of JMPFW Ltd, which included the initials of the surnames of the planned expedition's original members: Juvelius, Millen, Parker, Forth and Waughan. All except the Finnish Juvelius and the Swedish engineer Millen were English noblemen. He hoped that this approach would greatly improve his chances for a permit, if only because the entire financing of the expedition would now be catered for.

Chief amongst this group of sponsors was Captain Montague Parker (1878–1962). Juvelius had persuaded this son of an English duke that, though the Ark of the Covenant was priceless, the Ark and other treasures secreted in the system were worth at least US$200 million. Parker managed to collect $125,000 from various English and American financiers. Juvelius then proceeded to Constantinople to get excavation permits from the Ottoman government. To guarantee a positive outcome, he promised that half of the treasure would be theirs—without being too specific as to whether "theirs" meant the government officials themselves or the government. The application was successful.

Montague Parker

The Juvelius expedition is not well-known and one might think we have only his account on which to rely. That is not correct: other accounts of the expedition exist, and one source is Millen, who wrote the book On Right Tracks in 1922 (though some sources list 1917 as the date of publication). He was a member of the expedition and believed that the discovery of the Ark would herald the new Millennium, as mentioned in the Book of Revelation. As such, he was convinced that the expedition was a quest to change the future of mankind.
The Parker expedition arrived in Jerusalem in August 1909. Though the team had received a permit, it was—unremarkably—not allowed to dig in the Temple area itself. Instead, the team began excavations 600 metres to the south of the area, at the Gihon Spring, which had been the starting point of Juvelius's decoding. A long road lay ahead to where Juvelius hoped to end up…but he was sure he would get there.
The work was a major—and hence costly—undertaking: excavation of the underground water system was only made possible by diverting the water from its normal course, which meant that the team members needed to build dams and pump out water. Worse was the fact that once they were inside, they realised that Hezekiah's Tunnel had parts that were only 18 centimetres high, which meant that the clearing operation was gigantic. All of a sudden, clearing 600 metres seemed like 600 kilometres.
As if he didn't already have enough problems, Parker received criticism that none of the team members was a trained, let alone qualified, archaeologist. He therefore approached the French Dominican Louis-Henri Vincent, a qualified archaeologist, who agreed to join the team. Vincent was aided by Father Sabiniak, the photographer of the Ecole Biblique. Together, they documented the tunnels and channels unearthed by the workers as well as the finds dug up inside.

The start of the excavations also meant that Juvelius's theory would be tested, and either proved or falsified. It should therefore not come as a major revelation that, from here on, there are two different accounts—underlining the fact that there are always (at least) two sides to every story.
According to Millen's book, for three years the expedition penetrated ever deeper, past labyrinths and tunnels. He stated that they found poisonous gas in some of the tunnels, which caused burns and dizziness, but it is more likely that this was natural gas, which miners often come across in mineshafts. With every metre gained, Millen became more convinced about the legitimacy of the decipherment: Juvelius would predict upcoming features of the underground network before stumbling across them and would know which routes to take—all of this based on his decoding of the Book of Ezekiel. Millen added that on most occasions the artificial walls looked exactly like natural rock, and the team could only penetrate through them by using Juvelius's decipherment of the book. They circumvented several traps, and as they progressed they stumbled upon vases, urns, lamps and other artefacts that bore the seal of Solomon. They were sure they were getting closer. The Ark of the Covenant was almost within reach.

Map of Jerusalem, with start of the expedition at the bottom, and the Temple Mount marked at the top. The red route is the tunnel the expedition hoped would take them to the Temple Mount.

The other side of the story goes that the excavations continued throughout the summer and autumn of 1909 before they were stopped due to incessant rainstorms. The excavations were resumed in August 1910, and the clearing of the water systems continued. Certain artefacts were discovered and photographed. At the same time, Vincent drew accurate maps of the ancient water systems; his records are still used by scholars, showing that the expedition continues to have archaeological benefits. But this version states that these tunnels, rather than coming closer to the final hiding place of the Ark or the Temple Mount, did not lead to the Temple Mount at all. Therefore, Parker abandoned Juvelius's "indications" and decided to dig new tunnels in the search for the Temple's treasures. The tunnels were lined with wooden beams to prevent collapse. Did these random digs, meant to force the excavations in the direction of the Temple Mount, have any correspondence with Millen's description that "the artificial walls looked exactly like natural rock"?

If Parker had abandoned Juvelius's "help", the expedition soon had to do without him: during the fall of 1910, Juvelius became sick, apparently with malaria, and travelled back to Finland. The accounts converged once again in April 1911, at the start of the third season, when everyone agreed that they were "close". They were indeed. For one, the excavation permit was about to expire in November 1911. A radical approach was needed, and Parker was not afraid to take up the challenge. Juvelius was preparing to return to Jerusalem, to be present in what he hoped would be the final breakthrough. It would be his crowning moment, the start of a new era. But before leaving Finland, he was informed by Parker of something he had already been able to read in the newspapers: his expedition had just become headline news across the globe.

Though Millen was convinced of Juvelius's decoding, Parker, it seems, was less so. Still, Parker was savvy enough to realise that digging under the Temple Mount, in whatever framework and regardless of any theories, was a "good move" which could lead to the discovery of the Ark or other treasure. Furthermore, from the very first day of the expedition, it wasn't Juvelius's decoding alone that was the main driving force: an Irish clairvoyant stated that he had seen the hiding place of the Ark in a séance, and it was his vision that was the primary impetus for the final attempt in April 1911, which explains why Juvelius was not present when controversy erupted. Parker needed to know where the final resting place was—immediately. He didn't want to proceed with Juvelius's long-winded voyage through underground labyrinths, which after some distance seemed to turn away from the Temple Mount. He didn't have the time to follow "Ezekiel's Ark hunt", or he no longer believed that Juvelius's maps would bring them to fortune.
That April, the Passover, the Greek Orthodox Easter and the Nabi Musa festival coincided. Parker realised that Jerusalem would be preoccupied with many religious festivals, some of them taking place outside of the town, thus presenting a great opportunity for his criminal element to come to the surface. For a reported price tag of $25,000, he bribed Sheikh Halil, who was in charge of the mosques on the Temple Mount, to let his expedition excavate under the mountain during this "holy week".
Of course, the Temple Mount would not be deserted and the bribe did not remove all risks. Parker and his men dressed as Arabs and conducted excavations by night in Solomon's Stables and in the well beneath the Foundation Stone. They continued throughout the week until finally they were about to dig where they were sure the Ark would be. But that night, one of the keepers of the mosque, apparently unaware of the "private arrangement" between Parker and the Sheikh, was sleeping on site and was awakened by the noise of the excavation going on below him.
Rather than report to his superior, the man ran into the streets to reveal the sacrilege. A riot ensued and apparently the Turkish rulers had problems keeping the outraged crowds under control. The team was caught red-handed and everyone—or at least Parker—knew that this was the end. Later, Millen said he thought that the riots were incited by a member of the expedition whom they believed was a spy and who had made sure that the team would not succeed in uncovering the Ark. According to Millen, this suspicion was afterwards confirmed to Juvelius by a high-ranking local official.

Now at the centre of a religious riot and international newspaper reports, Parker officially denied the rumours about illegal excavations and stated that the expedition had left the country as planned on 18 April, due to heavy rains which did not allow any further excavations.
The news of his illegal excavation arrived in the port town of Jaffa by telegraph before Parker did—just like it arrived at Juvelius's home before Parker told him. But what happened next was rather bizarre: Parker was arrested upon his arrival on the accusation of stealing King Solomon's crown and ring, the Holy Ark and Mohammed's sword. In the turmoil of Jerusalem, it seemed, the conclusion was that the expedition had managed to escape with the treasures. Despite being arrested, Parker was able to escape and flee the country by sea.

The Gihon spring and connected tunnels

What happened during that fateful night in April 1911? Were the rumours and press reports correct and did the Ark of the Covenant disappear together with Parker? Were they rushing from Jerusalem not in fear of the rioting mob but because they had to ship the Ark out of Jerusalem as quickly as possible? Did the authorities at first not realise that Parker had indeed discovered the Ark, then woke up to their mistake and had him arrested in Jaffa? Or did the authorities in Jaffa interpret the information from Jerusalem incorrectly?
In 1916, under the pen name Heikki Kenttä, Juvelius published a book entitled Valkoinen kameeli ("the White Camel"). The book is a collection of short stories, one of which contains Juvelius's version of the events which led to the riots in Jerusalem in 1911. Unfortunately the book is written as fiction, which makes any historical interpretation a quagmire at best. Furthermore, we know that Juvelius was not an eyewitness to the turbulent end of "his" expedition.
But back to the novel. In describing the riots, he argues that there was no desecration of the Omar Mosque; he even maintains that the team was working half a mile south of it. The rumours resulted from one of their finds: a decorated chair from the pre-Davidic era. Juvelius also writes that "there was much talk about ancient manuscripts", but does not elaborate. He also suggests that the central quest was not the Ark but the Tomb of Moses. As for the riots, he argues that they were a myth, blaming the press, which spread unsubstantiated rumours, and the Jews, who were highly suspicious of their work and used every possible means to find out what they were doing in an effort to obstruct their work.
As soon as the stories converge, they diverge again. And we need to wonder whether Juvelius was putting history right (difficult to do in a novel!) or rewriting it. As for the Tomb of Moses forming the goal of their quest, the alleged tomb is believed to be at Jebel Musa (Mount Nebo), to the northwest of Madaba, in Jordan, though other locations have also been put forward. Juvelius's novel has him visiting Mount Nebo, accompanied by a Finnish friend whom he shows a piece of paper with a Finnish translation of ancient manuscripts or Juvelius's interpretation of those manuscripts. The text contains the exact measurements of a cave which, according to Juvelius, is the burial place of Moses. Juvelius argues that, according to the Bible, Moses died in a normal manner and therefore no doubt was properly buried in a cave hewn into the rock, where his embalmed body remained undisturbed to that day. Juvelius states that he wanted to invalidate the claims that Moses had never existed. He also discusses the matter with a rabbi, whom he calls Jonathan ben Jochai, where Juvelius argues that the secrets of Moses' burial place were known to a select few of the Jewish sages and were passed on from one generation to another. When the Bible was committed to paper, the secrets were codified and incorporated into the text.
The framework is identical to his alleged decoding of the Ark of the Covenant's location from the Book of Ezekiel. In my opinion, Juvelius was rewriting history, trying to defuse the outrage of 1911 and perhaps even hoping that he could mount a second expedition, this time to discover the Tomb of Moses. Either way, it is clear that it was the illegal excavations under the Temple Mount that caused the outrage in Jerusalem in 1911; Juvelius was incidental in that event.

The rumours surrounding the expedition did not stop after the team's return to England. Apart from newspapers repeating what their treasure trove allegedly contained, they now also made reference to "ancient texts", left unspecified by Juvelius in his fictional account. These reports referred to the texts as "ancient texts describing the Nocturnal Journey of Muhammad and documents promising the return of Jesus Christ". They suggested that the texts had nothing to do with ancient Jewish accounts, but were rather Arab or Christian in nature. In England, Parker had trouble sounding convincing that his work had been purely scientific; everyone seemed to interpret the expedition as a treasure hunt, which of course it was. To cover himself, he rushed a scientific report of his expedition's activities into print. The book, published in 1911, was written by Vincent in French and translated into English by Parker himself. For obvious reasons, Juvelius was left out.

What did all of this mean for Juvelius? Though the Ark of the Covenant was (apparently) not recovered, his theory still held confirmed. It was largely due to Millen that the myth and the possibility of a future discovery were kept alive. To keep the light of intrigue burning, Millen claimed that Juvelius's material was stolen after
1911. Others reported that it was merely "lost". If Parker found the Ark of the Covenant, it seems it did not change his lifestyle—but then, would anyone who discovered such a treasure give its existence away so easily? And if Parker did find it, Juvelius would more than likely not have been privy to this.
Juvelius returned to a normal life. From 1918 to 1922 he worked in the public library at Viipuri (Vyborg, Sweden), as its director. According to Finnish researcher Voitto Viro, Juvelius made new maps of the Jerusalem underground network during the period 1919 to 1922 to replace the stolen (or lost) originals. The maps remained in the possession of the Juvelius family, and researchers who have consulted and investigated these documents claim they are muddled and in places contradictory. In short, they are useless. Of course, this may say little about the original maps—but if they, too, were muddled, this would explain Parker's decision to abandon Juvelius's decodings and try to go it alone.

Juvelius died from throat cancer on Christmas Day 1922, at the age of fiftyseven. The Hebrew Bible that had served as the basis of his decipherment was buried with him. It was around the time of Juvelius's death that Millen published his book; it would guarantee the survival of the Juvelius "myth". To make sure that he remained the centre of attention, Millen said that when he wrote his book he was pressured into leaving out certain details. If true, it could merely have been some well-meant advice not to include outlandish claims; but what was implied was that there was more about the story than what could or should be publicly revealed. Furthermore, he supposedly placed his personal papers in a safe deposit box, bequeathing them to the Swedish Theosophical Society. When the box was opened following his death, it was found to be totally empty.

The account of Juvelius has the hallmark of a group of idiots who tried to recover the Ark and failed miserably—and of a group of idiots who tried to recover the Ark or other treasures and succeeded, but forever after had to deny everything. Both possibilities remain, though the latter is on balance extremely unlikely. We know very little of the riots, and we don't even know whether the keeper checked first as to what was occurring beneath him before running into the streets, causing people to beat themselves into a frenzy. Perhaps the riots did need a legitimate cause, such as the theft of a discovered precious artefact, or perhaps not. Just like Indiana Jones and his quest for the Ark, in the final outcome, if they ever did uncover something, it could only befall the same fate as the Ark does in that movie. Of quests that are illegally born, no legitimate offspring can ever be conceived.

By Philip Coppens

Where is The Ark of the Covenant? ( III )

This is the series from the question:

Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

Whenever I broach the topic of the Ark's location with Orthodox rabbis, I get an almost immediate response that the Ark is still under Jerusalem, waiting to be recovered from a vault location under the Dome of the Rock Mosque on the Temple Mount. One rabbi informed me that he we told by another rabbi that it has even been found there. So why am I wasting my time researching a site in Egypt? I could focus on the Talmudic opinion that there were two Arks, and each contained one set of Tablets (Yerushalmi Shekalim 6:1). With this line of reason it's possible to argue that one Ark was taken to Egypt by Jeremiah while the other remained behind in Jerusalem.The problem with the above line of reason according to Rabbi Moshe ben Nahman Gerondi (Ramban, 1194-1270 CE) is the majority opinion in Judaism that two Arks were never in simundi (Ramban, 1194-1270 CE) is the majority opinion in Judaism that two Arks were never in simultaneous use (Babylonian Talmud Tractate Berachos 8b2). Given that the Ark is referred to about 203 times in the Tenach (Old Testament), we should read about dual appearances if we are really dealing with two Arks. However, the issue may be somewhat clouded by the many terms used to refer to the Ark (or Arks).

Unlike my own experiment that looked primarily for encodings just in conjunction with the term Ark of the Covenant as it appears six times in Torah, there are many terms that we all assume refer to the same Ark, but which might refer to different Arks. The table below includes the additional Hebrew terms:


Where do the stories of rabbis spotting the Ark come from? In 1983, Rabbi Yehuda Getz - the former Rabbi of the Western Wall - was tunneling through the Western Wall of Temple Mount, attempting to reach the foundation of the Second Temple. Randall Price writes that it was then that Rabbi Getz and Chief Rabbi Shlomo Goren allegedly claim to have seen the Ark of the Covenant according to statements they later made to the press. Moslem guards on Temple Mount, who heard the underground activity, interrupted their exploration of the site. When the Arabs arrived a fight ensued. To defuse the volatile situation, the (sectarian) Israeli Government sealed up the wall with six feet of reinforced concrete.

Price names Rabbi Matiyahu Dan HaCohen, founder of Ateret Cohanim Yeshiva, as a source of Ark-sighting stories. But on further examination, what he cites is mere hearsay, as the story is only handed down via Dr. David Lewis, noted author and founder of Christians United for Israel. It was Lewis who allegedly recorded Rabbi HaCohen's statement as follows:

HaCohen told of how they were excavating along the lower level of the Western Wall of the Temple mountain. At the end of the tunnel, Rabbi HaCohen said, "I saw the golden ark that once stood in the Holy Place of the Temple of the Almighty " It was covered with old, dried animal skins of some kind. However, one gold, gleaming end of the ark was visible. He could see the loops or rounds of gold through which the poles of acacia wood could be thrust so that the ark could be properly carried by four dedicated Levites. HaCohen and his friends rushed out to the home of Chief Rabbi Shlomo Goren. They awakened the rabbi and excitedly told him that they had discovered the holy ark of the covenant! Goren said, "We are ready for this event. We have already prepared the poles of acacia wood and have Levites who can be standing by in the morning to carry out the ark in triumph. " (David Allen Lewis, Prophecy 2000, p.176)

The above story is absolutely denied by Rabbi HaCohen. When Price asked Rabbi Goren about the story in an interview conducted in Goren’s Tel Aviv office on January 24, 1994, Goren was emphatic:

They are all liars! They are just telling you stories! How can anyone say they saw the Ark? The Ark is hundreds of meters down ...If [anyone] would see the Ark he wouldn’t remain alive even for one minute! (Price, 182).

How close were the rabbis to the Ark? Goren declared:

I imagined that [I was there] when I had dug in about 50 yards in a straight line from the place where the chamber of the Ark was. But it was still very, deep-maybe 100 meters. If [Charles] Warren dug over 100 meters and he didn't get to the end [bedrock], what can one say about the Temple, its foundation, and the chambers beneath it! I believe that the Ark is somewhere beneath the Temple and the problem [now] is one of digging down a hundred meters.

There is another rabbi-related Ark sighting story, that of Rabbi Yehuda Getz (who was the Chief Rabbi of the Western Wall and Holy Places in Israel). Allegedly, Rabbi Getz feared entering the chamber to gaze at the Ark. Instead, he used a mirror to look around a corner of the tunnel, and thus saw the reflected image of the Ark.

When Price questioned Getz about these stories (Price, 183), he was given the following response during an interview on January 25th, 1994):

No... no... that is not what I said. These are all stories I am not responsible for someone else’s remarks. It is important to know the truth, since millions of Christians and people who love Israel read such material.

So, for the reasons cited above, and others laid out by Price in his book (In Search of Temple Treasures), we can probably put these stories to rest. Ah, you ask, but what does the Code say about these matters? To find out, I searched for Shlomo Goren, the rabbi at the center of most of the controversy. On the matrix, his name (with black background) appeared at its third minimal ELS (skip -11,114) encoded with the Ark of the Covenant. What directly intersects his name is significant, though there may be two ways to interpret it: And no man knows his (its) burial place unto this day! This phrase not only shares a letter with the rabbi's first name (Shlomo), but it also touches seven letters of Ark of the Covenant.


Since the burial phrase intersects Shlomo Goren, it could mean that no man knows where the Ark is located until Shlomo Goren, but he now knows. Or it could mean that he is one of many who still do not know. His partner, Rabbi Getz, passed away in 1995. Both rabbis are highly regarded. If they have indeed honored the Torah’s teaching, You shall not deny falsely, and you shall not lie to one another (Leviticus 19:11), then there is only one way to interpret this matrix. Rabbi Goren may believe that the Ark is under Temple Mount, but he does not know its actual whereabouts to this day.

I occasionally receive e-mails about claims that the Ark is indeed in Jerusalem, and it has been seen there. While it is possible that the Ark remains there, as we have seen, there is no credible evidence that this has been confirmed. Reality is that Israel had all of the Second Temple period to pull it out and put it back in the Temple. That was from 516 BCE to 70 CE, a total of 586 years. It never did so. Add to that how long Israel has had all of Jerusalem back this time (April 30, 2010), another 43 years, and the total time to pull it out has been 629 years! If Israel believes the Ark is on territory that it controls, it should use the Army to procure it. Put up or shut up. If it is not under Temple Mount, then other sites such as the one suggested by ELS maps should be investigated. The time has come for action. The Jewish deed to Israel is in the Torah. If Israel is unwilling to follow the Laws found there, it may find itself facing another period of exile. The nation must follow the examples of Joshua and Caleb, not those of the Second Temple Period who eventually lost the land for almost 2,000 years.

Barry S. Roffman - www.arkcode.com

Saturday, October 09, 2010

Where is The Ark of the Covenant? ( II )

This is the series from the question:

Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

One day, in 1978, Ron decided to go sightseeing near the Damascus Gate, in Jerusalem. Walking along an ancient stone quarry, known to some as "the Calvary Escarpment," he was talking with a local authority about Roman antiquities. Without warning, Ron's left hand pointed to a site being used as a rubbish dump and said, "That's Jeremiah's Grotto and the Ark of the Covenant is in there."

Even though these words had come from his own mouth and his own hand had pointed, he had not consciously said or done these things. The man with him, quite out of character, also reacted strangely. He said, "That's wonderful! We want you to excavate, and we'll grant you your permits, put you up in a place to stay and even furnish your meals!"Ron knew that this was a supernatural event but he also knew that not all supernatural events originate from God (Revelation 16:14).

So he returned home to the US, and began to research as to whether or not the Ark could be in that area. He discovered that 2Chronicles 35:3 is the last reference to the Ark of the Covenant, verse 19 tells us that this was in the year 621 BC, just 35 years before the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple by Nebuchadnezzar. It says that the Ark was in the temple at that time. When the Babylonian army besieged Jerusalem, they built a siege wall around the city, not allowing anyone or anything in or out of the city.

Therefore, the Ark of the Covenant most probably remained within the Babylonian siege wall. As it was not captured by Nebuchadnezzar and taken to Babylon, we must assume that it was hidden underground. This matched perfectly with the area that Ron had pointed to, it would have been within the Babylonian siege wall, in an underground chamber. Ron and his two sons dug several times at that site, uncovering a wealth of information. They began by digging straight down, at the base of a cliff face, a cliff face known to many as Golgotha. In the 1800's General Gordon recognized that the site matched the biblical description of Calvary, the site of the crucifixion of Christ. The Bible describes a tomb hewn out of rock, in a garden nearby, it was the tomb of a rich man who donated it to Jesus (Matt. 27:57-60). In the vicinity is just that, and the tomb has been hurriedly extended, suggesting that the person that lay in it, was not the person it was designed for.

The first find that they uncovered were recesses cut into the cliff face, three 'bookshelf-like' cut outs. Ron's thought was that these could be the recesses that held the signs that the Romans put above the cross of Christ. In Matthew 27:37, Mark 15:26 and Luke 23:38 the Bible says that the superscription was written "over" Jesus, which fits with what Ron found. In the book of John, the Bible says that, "a title," was "put on the cross". The Greek word for "on" is "EPI". EPI can also be translated as "over" or "above". The translators in Matthew, Mark and Luke decided to translate EPI as "over", because it would have not made sense to say that a sign was put (EPI) on his head, but in John they translated EPI to mean "on" because it would make sense to put a sign on the cross. However, they could have translated EPI to say, "a title" was "put above/over the cross".

Further excavation revealed an altar stone protruding from the cliff face like a shelf. Ron felt that perhaps this was the remains of a Christian altar, suggesting that the early Christians knew that this was a place of significance. The foundation to a first century building was also uncovered, which was believed to be a church, again adding more significance to the site.

At last Ron uncovered the clinching evidence that convinced him this was the site of the crucifixion. Four cross holes cut out of the rock, one higher up than the rest on a platform and set back. The other three were in a line lower down and infront. The upper cross hole would have held the 'featured' criminal, and we know from the Biblical account that the two cross holes either side held the two thieves when Christ was crucified. In this case, only three of the four cross holes were used. Using ground penetrating radar Ron detected a large round stone, thirteen feet in diameter and two feet wide. He tried to uncover it, but it was buried underneath about twenty feet of earth. He considered the strong possibility of it being a very large tombstone. Could it be the tombstone that fitted the nearby tomb? Ron went back to the tomb in the garden to see if the stone would fit. He measured the width of the channel that held the tombstone, and what the diameter would have been. Amazingly, the channel was designed to hold a stone with a width of two feet! And the diameter would have also fitted the stone that he found - thirteen feet! The Bible does say that, " a great stone" was rolled infront of Jesus' tomb.

Ron's attention was drawn to the cross hole that was higher than the others. If this was the site of the crucifixion of Jesus, then this would undoubtedly be His cross hole. A square-cut stone had been placed in the cross hole, acting as a plug. It had finger grips on each side, and when Ron removed it he noticed a large crack in the bedrock, extending from the cross hole. It looked to Ron like an earthquake crack, and the Bible does say, in Matthew 27:51, "and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent".

One day during the excavation Ron was feeling very down-hearted, as if God could not use him any more. He thought that he must have done something wrong and that God had decided to take him off the job. Whilst sitting at the site and contemplating the circumstances, he heard a voice that said, "God bless you in what you are doing here Ron Wyatt." More than startled, Ron turned to face the man. He was surprised as he wondered how anyone would know his name, and furthermore, Ron had never told anyone else what he was doing there. Ron replied, "Thank you, are you from around here?" and the stranger simply replied, "No." Trying to prompt a conversation, Ron said, "Are you a tourist?" and again the stranger replied, "No." But this time continued to say, "I have come from South Africa and am on my way to the New Jerusalem." Ron was shocked, knowing that the New Jerusalem is a city referred to in the Bible as being in heaven. After the man had left, Ron asked the others in the Garden if they had seen this man. Surprisingly they all answered, "No." but there was only one way in, and one way out of this area, through which the man would have had to have exited. This was a great encouragement for Ron at a time when he needed it most as he felt that God was now still blessing his work.It became too dangerous to continue digging down the cliff face. So, Ron had to dig down at various angles. He soon found himself within a cave system. He worked with a small Arab man who would crawl in through the gaps that were too tiny for Ron to easily enter. The conditions were damp, with plenty of dust and little oxygen. Sometimes Ron had to squeeze himself through the smallest of holes. One day he asked the man to crawl in through a tiny entrance to a cave, as usual. When he had done so, he rushed out with terror in his eyes, screaming, "What's in there! What's in there!" The man hurriedly exited the cave system and refused ever to return.

Excitedly, Ron extended the entrance to this chamber and crawled in. He found himself crawling across rocks that were piled up almost to the roof. Growing more and more tired, Ron began to move the rocks aside, in order to reveal what was underneath. He uncovered some dry rotted wooden boards which when he moved aside revealed animal skins. Something shiny was under the animal skins. Moving them aside, Ron uncovered the Table of Shewbread, from the first temple. Continuing to shift aside more rocks and wood, he then found a stone casing. The lid had cracked and had been moved aside. Ron shone his flashlight down through the crack and saw a chest of beaten gold. He knew he was looking at the Ark of the Covenant. Overwhelmed with emotion and suffering from pneumonia Ron passed out for 45 minutes in that chamber. It was January 6th 1982, when Ron made this amazing discovery. He tried to photograph it with a Polaroid, but the photos turned out foggy. He returned with a colonascope, but again the photos turned out foggy.

Also in that cave Ron found the seven branch candlestick, a giant sword (with no inscriptions, but possibly Goliath's), an ephod, the wilderness tabernacle, the altar of incense among other things. Ron has returned to the cave on occasion, and since his first visit the cave has been completely tidied up. Ron has been told (although he stresses he does not hear voices, and is not a prophet) that the time is not yet for the world to see this discovery with their own eyes.

The time is coming when the inhabitants of the world will have a universal, religious law enforced upon them. This law will force man to break God's law, by penalty of disenfranchisement (being unable to buy or sell, Rev. 13:17). Some time after this law has been passed, God will allow the tables of stone (The 10 Commandments) and a good clear video of the Ark of the Covenant to be put on public display. (For more information on the proposed law download a small booklet here.) "It is time for thee, LORD, to work: for they have made void thy law." Psalm 119:126.

Whilst in the chamber, Ron noticed a dried, black substance in an earthquake crack in the roof, above the Ark of the Covenant. He noticed that this black substance was also on the lid of the cracked stone casing. Obviously, this substance had dripped from the crack in the roof, and provision had been made for it to land on the Ark of the Covenant, as the stone lid had been cracked and moved aside. Ron wondered what substance could be so sacred, that God made provision for it to land on the Mercy Seat of the Ark of the Covenant. He remembered the earthquake crack at the foot of the cross hole, and suddenly an awesome realization as to what had happened, came over him. Ron traced the earthquake crack, and indeed it was the same crack as the one at the cross hole. The dried black substance in the crack was tested and proved to be blood, apparently the blood of Jesus Christ. The Bible says that when Jesus died there was an earthquake and the rocks were rent (Matt. 27:51). A Roman soldier speared Christ in His side in order to make sure He was dead, and blood and water poured out (John 19:34). Ron discovered that this same blood and water poured down through the earthquake crack and fell upon the Mercy Seat of the Ark of the Covenant.

Human cells normally have 46 chromosomes. These are actually 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes. In each pair of chromosomes, one of the pair is from the mother and the other member is from the father. Therefore, 23 chromosomes come from the mother and 23 from the father. In each set of 23, 22 chromosomes are autosomal and one is sex-determining. The sex-determining ones are the X chromosome and the Y chromosome. Females are XX, so they can only contribute an X chromosome to their offspring, whereas males are XY, which allows them to contribute either an X or a Y. If they contribute an X, the child is female, whereas if they contribute a Y, the child is male. The fascinating finding in this blood was that instead of 46 chromosomes, there were only 24. There were 22 autosomal chromosomes, one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. This evidences that the person to whom this blood belonged to had a mother but no human father, because the normal contribution of paternal chromosomes is missing. 1John.5.8, 9: "And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one. If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son."


Where is The Ark of the Covenant?

This is the series from the question:
Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

"They shall make an ark of acacia wood," God commanded Moses in the Book of Exodus, after delivering the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. And so the Israelites built an ark, or chest, gilding it inside and out. And into this chest Moses placed stone tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments, as given to him on Mount Sinai.

Abba Haile Mikael surrounds the bronze dish the monks at Tana Kirkos claim was stolen by Menelek from the Temple at Jerusalem, along with the ark of the covenant. Photo by Paul Raffaele
Thus the ark “was worshipped by the Israelites as the embodiment of God Himself,” writes Graham Hancock in The Sign and the Seal. "Biblical and other archaic sources speak of the Ark blazing with fire and light...stopping rivers, blasting whole armies." (Steven Spielberg's 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark provides a special-effects approximation.) According to the First Book of Kings, King Solomon built the First Temple in Jerusalem to house the ark. It was venerated there during Solomon's reign (c. 970-930 B.C.) and beyond.

Then it vanished. Much of Jewish tradition holds that it disappeared before or while the Babylonians sacked the temple in Jerusalem in 586 B.C.

But through the centuries, Ethiopian Christians have claimed that the ark rests in a chapel in the small town of Aksum, in their country's northern highlands. It arrived nearly 3,000 years ago, they say, and has been guarded by a succession of virgin monks who, once anointed, are forbidden to set foot outside the chapel grounds until they die.

One of the first things that caught my eye in Addis Ababa, the country's capital, was an enormous concrete pillar topped by a giant red star—the sort of monument to communism still visible in Pyongyang. The North Koreans built this one as a gift for the Derg, the Marxist regime that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1991 (the country is now governed by an elected parliament and prime minister). In a campaign that Derg officials named the Red Terror, they slaughtered their political enemies—estimates range from several thousand to more than a million people. The most prominent of their victims was Emperor Haile Selassie, whose death, under circumstances that remain contested, was announced in 1975.

He was the last emperor of Ethiopia—and, he claimed, the 225th monarch, descended from Menelik, the ruler believed responsible for Ethiopia's possession of the ark of the covenant in the tenth century B.C.

The story is told in the Kebra Negast (Glory of the Kings), Ethiopia's chronicle of its royal line: the Queen of Sheba, one of its first rulers, traveled to Jerusalem to partake of King Solomon's wisdom; on her way home, she bore Solomon's son, Menelik. Later Menelik went to visit his father, and on his return journey was accompanied by the firstborn sons of some Israelite nobles—who, unbeknown to Menelik, stole the ark and carried it with them to Ethiopia. When Menelik learned of the theft, he reasoned that since the ark's frightful powers hadn't destroyed his retinue, it must be God's will that it remain with him.

Many historians—including Richard Pankhurst, a British-born scholar who has lived in Ethiopia for almost 50 years—date the Kebra Negast manuscript to the 14th century A.D. It was written, they say, to validate the claim by Menelik's descendants that their right to rule was God-given, based on an unbroken succession from Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. But the Ethiopian faithful say the chronicles were copied from a fourth-century Coptic manuscript that was, in turn, based on a far earlier account. This lineage remained so important to them that it was written into Selassie's two imperial constitutions, in 1931 and 1955.

Before leaving Addis Ababa for Aksum, I went to the offices of His Holiness Abuna Paulos, patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which has some 40 million adherents worldwide, to ask about Ethiopia's claim to have the ark of the covenant. Paulos holds a PhD in theology from Princeton University, and before he was installed as patriarch, in 1992, he was a parish priest in Manhattan. Gripping a golden staff, wearing a golden icon depicting the Madonna cradling an infant Jesus, and seated on what looked like a golden throne, he oozed power and patronage.

"We've had 1,000 years of Judaism, followed by 2,000 years of Christianity, and that's why our religion is rooted in the Old Testament," he told me. "We follow the same dietary laws as Judaism, as set out in Leviticus," meaning that his followers keep kosher, even though they are Christians. "Parents circumcise their baby boys as a religious duty, we often give Old Testament names to our boys and many villagers in the countryside still hold Saturday sacred as the Sabbath."

Is this tradition linked to the church's claim to hold the ark, which Ethiopians call Tabota Seyen, or the Ark of Zion? "It's no claim, it's the truth," Paulos answered. "Queen Sheba visited King Solomon in Jerusalem three thousand years ago, and the son she bore him, Menelik, at age 20 visited Jerusalem, from where he brought the ark of the covenant back to Aksum. It's been in Ethiopia ever since."

I asked if the ark in Ethiopia resembles the one described in the Bible: almost four feet long, just over two feet high and wide, surmounted by two winged cherubs facing each other across its heavy lid, forming the "mercy seat," or footstool for the throne of God. Paulos shrugged. "Can you believe that even though I'm head of the Ethiopian church, I'm still forbidden from seeing it?" he said. "The guardian of the ark is the only person on earth who has that peerless honor."

By Paul Raffaele

Sunday, October 03, 2010

Carlos Slim Helu: The Spirits of an Immigrant Family

Carlos Slim, the richest man in the world a businessman  from Mexico mostly in telecommunications field, he had Lebanese descent though proud become Mexican, still may not willing to forget where his family origins came from. In the late of 19th century until beginning of 20th century it called the first wave of Lebanese immigrant mostly Christians arrived in Mexico they came driven by oppression of  the Ottoman Islamic regime, flare by religious tension and political instability. They arrived in Mexico's eastern shores and settled in the Yucatan Peninsula or in the Gulf coast ports named Veracruz and Tampico. In  part of  his biography it stated clearly and completely,  says:

In 1902, Julian Slim Haddad father of Carlos Slim Helu, arrived in Mexico from Lebanon, all alone and 14 years of age, speaking no Spanish. He was escaping from the yoke of the Ottoman Empire, which at the time conscripted young man into its army, mothers therefore sent their sons to exile before turning fifteen.

And thus Don Julian arrived in Mexico; he was a young man, energetic and full of enthusiasm and ideas, who after disembarking in Veracrus, moved to Tampico, Tamaulipas, where four of his older brothers had already settled since 1898 (Jose, Elias, Carlos, and Pedro Slim) with the conviction that they would succeed together with the country that had received them.

Carlos Slim's mother, Dona linda Helu, was born in Parral, Chihuahua. She was the daughter of Jose Helu and Wadiha atta, Lebanese immigrants who arrived in Mexico at the end of 19th century, and after traveling through several cities in the Mexican Republic, decided to settle in the capital city. Jose Helu brought the first Arabic printing press to Mexico and founded one of the first magazines for the Lebanese community in this country.

The Slim brothers later moved to Mexico city and in 1911, Julian Slim and his brother Jose, who was thirteen years older than him, founded the company, La Estrella de Oriente ("the star of the east"), so named in honor of their country of origin. The partnership was formed with 25,800 pesos, each of them contributing 50 percent. In May 1914, in the midst of the Mexican Revolution, Don Julian, then 26 years old, bought his brother's fifty percent stake for 30,000 pesos.

La Estrella de Oriente was an important dry goods store located on Calle de Capuchinas (today Venustiano Carranza), that, over time and with don Julian's extraordinary work ethic and business talent, had merchandise worth more than US$100,000 by January 21, 1921, only ten years after the business was founded. By that time, Don Julian had also acquired eleven more properties in the area, which was one of the most commercial, active and significant in downtown Mexico City, and therefore in the country. The current value of the store would be more than US$7 million today, and the real estate would be worth around US$28 million.
By 1922, Don Julian's net worth was already $1,012,258 pesos between real estate, businesses and various stocks.

In August 1926, Julian Slim and Linda Helu married in Mexico City. Their first daughter, Nour, was born four years later, and Alma two years after that, followed by Julian, Jose, Carlos and  Linda.
With his intelligence and tenacity for work, Don Julian Slim Haddad would become a prominent businessman and the father of an exemplary family who was able to instill in his children both moral values and the dedication to and familiarity with work.

The reasons for Don Julian Slim Haddad's commercial success  were simple: a calling, talent and hard work. Don Julian's thinking was ahead of his time, given his deep understanding of business, by the 1920s he was already talking about an efficient business as one that sold large volumes at smaller margins, and with payment facilities, factors that today prevail in the large discount stores.

In 1927, when Mexican migration policy ceased to be favorable for many foreigners and Lebanese, immigration was restricted, Don Julian Slim, who served as president of the Lebanese Chamber of Commerce for almost 20 years (from 1930 until it was disbanded at the end of 1940s), successfully filled a lengthy and well-researched legal brief with the Department of State that described the activities and characteristics of his fellow countrymen and defended their rights. Thanks to this, there was a favorable resolution for these immigrants. A part of this document reads as follows:

"Lebanese are characterized by their work, their economy, their simplicity, how easily and quickly they learn the language of the countries they go to and in which they live peacefully, especially in places like Mexico that maintain sacred commitment to personal independence and love of the homeland."

During his leadership of the chamber, he conducted a census of all Lebanese businessmen in Mexico and actively participated with them in the Nationalist Campaign of the 1930s, whose objective was to promote Mexican industry by buying and consuming made-in-Mexico products, with the aim of benefiting trade, employment and national development. The motto of the campaign was "consume what the country produces." Although this campaign had the support of the President of the Republic (Pascual Ortiz Rubio) it did not cost the country's federal treasury a penny because the various chambers of commerce contributed the resource to disseminate and promote it. The campaign always advocated the excellence of Mexican products and for an increase in the country's export. Don Julian's participation was especially active, important and dynamic in this important movement and it proved his extraordinary capacity to assimilate to the culture of a country that he assumed and defended as his own. During that period he requested and finally obtained Mexican nationality.

Carlos Slim Helu was born on January 28, 1940 in Mexico city, where he learned from early on the value of  family as priority in life.

Carlos Slim most left on the picture. Source:
.He also received his first business lessons in early childhood, as Don Julian gave each of his children a savings book with their usual weekly allowance in order for them to learn to manage their income and expenses. They reviewed this book with him, analyzing their expenses, purchases and activities, and by following this rule Don Julian's children managed their finances and developed their own wealth. From that time investment and savings were part of young Carlos's live, becoming his first lesson in business, which he soon put into practice by opening his first checking account and buying shares of Banco Nacional de Mexico when he was only 12 years old.
With his parents and five siblings, Carlos Slim Helu grew up in a close, loving family that taught by good example, but in 1953 Don Julian died suddenly, deeply affecting Helu family, it was a sad and unexpected emotional blow that left a noticeable mark in the home. Carlos only 13 years old.

That's Carlos Slim Helu family and origins about. There are 1.1 million Mexican came from Arab background such as Lebanese, Syrian, Palestinian. Become an immigrant maybe not a choice, but to choose one. Are you from immigrant family?


Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Warren Buffett and Sherlock Holmes?

Professor  John Price is recognized as a leading international authority on Warren Buffett's secretive investment strategies. He had appeared in Bloomberg Radio, Fox News, and Bloomberg Television. He was interviewed by Wall Street Journal, The Australian Financial Review and many other well known financial journal. He has written five books, and write may articles and journals. He has developing it called Conscious Investor. Here is one of his article:

Price on Value
September 2000
 Sherlock Holmes and the Sciences of Investing
John Price , Ph.D.
Dedicated to Warren Buffett, the Sherlock Holmes of stock market, on his 70th birthday

What has Sherlock Holmes got to do with investing? Most people, including myself up to few a years ago, would probably answer nothing. But something happened 1997 that made me change my mind.

Source: wn
At the time I was mulling over a talk I was to give at a conference on the mathematics of options. My mind went from thinking of the pricing of options as paradoxical to thinking of them as mysterious. From there I went to Sherlock Holmes who was created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle as the world's greatest detective, the pre-eminent person solve any mysteries.

This led to two outcomes. The first was that I prepared a talk entitled the "The Case of the Missing Ten Pounds." It described the arcana of the theory of pricing futures and options in the setting of a Sherlock Holmes mystery. this talk become an article that you can read on my website.

The second outcome was that I reread all Sherlock Holmes books and articles on the lookout for quotations that could be interpreted as sound advice for long-term strategies for the stock market. All right, we all do weird things from time to time. The important thing is that I came across a lot of pithy comments that can be directly applied to the stock market.
As this is the occasion of the second anniversary of  The Price on Value articles, I thought that I would gives you some quotes. most of the quotes are from the conversations that Holmes has with his friend and biographer, Dr. John Watson. Just let your imagination go and think of Holmes as expounding on principles of long-term investing in quality companies. 


            You know my methods in such cases, Watson: I put myself  in the man's place, and having first   
            gauged the man's intelligence, I try to imagine how I should  myself have proceeded under the same  
            circumstances. (The Musgrave Ritual.)

           You'll get results, inspector, by always putting yourself in the other fellow's place, and thinking what  
           you would do yourself. It takes some imagination, but it pays. (The Adventurers of the Retired  

This quotes reminds me of Warren Buffett's many comments stating that he tries to think as an owner of any company that he might invest in. "I always picture myself as owning the whole place," he once said.

Ask your self  question such as, "What could go wrong?" and "Who are the competitors?"

           It is the highest importance in the art of detection to be able to to recognize out of numbers of facts  
           which are incidental and which are vital. Otherwise your energy and attention must be dissipated 
           instead of being concentrated. (The Reigate Squires.)

           we approached the cases, you remember, with absolutely blank mind, which is always an advantage. 
           We had formed no theories. We were simply there to observe and to draw inferences from our 
           observations. (The Cardboard Box.)
           The difficulty is to detach the framework of fact-of  absolute, undeniable fact-from the embellishments 
           of theorists and reporters. (Silver Blaze.)

           I has long been an axiom of mine that the little things are infinitely the most important. (A Case of 

When analyzing a company, focus on what is important and don't get stuck in side issues. Buffett started his career in New York but move back to Omaha, Nebraska, where he found it "much easier to think." On Wall Street everyone has an opinion, a hot tip, but ultimate success depend on separating the facts from, as Holmes said, "the embellishments of theorists and reporters." Here we might add, "and stocks analysts."


          You know a conjurer gets no credit when once he has explained his trick; and if I show you  too much
          of my method of  working, you will come to the conclusion that I am a very ordinary individual after
          all. (A Study in Scarlet.)

          One of  Sherlock Holmes' defect-if, indeed, one may call it defect-was that he was exceedingly loath
          to communicate his full plans to any person until the instant of their fulfillment. Partly it came, no doubt
          from his own masterful nature, which loved to dominate and surprise those who were around him.
          Partly also from his professional caution, which urged him never to take any chances. (The Hound
          of the Baskervilles.)

We know just how secretive Buffett is regarding his investments decisions. He once said that he is lucky to have one good idea each year." Good investment ideas are rare, valuable and subject to competitive appropriation just as good product or business acquisition ideas are," he wrote in the Berkshire Hathaway Owner's Manual. By keeping ideas a secret and at the same time acting on them with sizeable investments, Buffett ensures the Berkshire Hathaway profit the most every time his mental light bulb lights up.

Present Value

          To determine its exact meaning I have been obliged to work out the present prices of the investments
          with which it is concerned. (The Adventure of the Speckled Band.)

Here we have it. Perhaps the first statement anywhere that the important calculation when valuing an investment is to determine the present or discounted value of  its financial rewards. As Buffett has said, intrinsic value "the discounted value of  the cash that can be taken out of a business during its remaining life."

Putting it together

          When Watson said that he thought that Holmes had seen more in the rooms than was visible to him,
          Holmes replied, " No, but I fancy that I may have deduced a little more. I imagine that you saw all that
          I did." ( The Adventure of the Speckled Band.)

          A similar Idea is expressed in "A Case of Identity" in which Watson remarked that Holmes had seen
          things that were invisible to him to which Holmes replied, "Not invisible, but unnoticed, Watson."

          Another time Watson complains that he cannot see anything unusual about what Holmes was showing
          him. Holmes responds, "On the contrary, Watson, you can see everything, You fail, however, to
          reason from what you see. You are to timid in drawing your inferences." (The Adventure of the Blue

          I see no more than you, but I have trained myself to notice what I see. (The Adventure of  the
          Blanched  Soldier.)

Isn't this the secret core of  investing? The ability to see what everyone else sees, the company reports, the products, the competitors, and so on, but to see it in a new way so that you can tell whether it is a superior investment or just another ho-hum stock. Buffett, for example, said that when he made his major purchase of Coca Cola stock that he only used the same information and material that was available to everyone else. The difference was that he deduced more than everyone else to arrive at the conclusion in1988 that this was an excellent investment. He was right; the stock quadrupled in value over the next four years.

Stay with the facts

          It is a capital mistake to theorize in advance of  the facts. (The Adventure of the Second Stain.)

          No, no:I never guess.It is a shocking habit 3/4 destructive to the logical faculty. What seem strange to
          you is only so because you do not follow my rain of  thought or observe the small facts upon which
          large inferences may depend. (The Valley of Fear.)
          The temptation to form premature theories upon insufficient data is the bane of our profession. (The
          Valley of Fear)

In 1934, Benjamin Graham wrote in Security Analysis that the intrinsic value of a stock is that value which is justified by the facts, e.g., the assets, earnings, dividends, definite prospects, as distinct, let us say, from market quotations established by artificial manipulation or distorted by psychological excesses."

Doyle/Holmes in 1890 and Graham in 1934 could have been referring to the wild speculation that are put out by market commentators and analysts regarding dot com companies and that are dressed up as reasoned reports.  

Knowledge and experience

           He possesses two out of the three qualities necessary for the ideal detective. He has the power of
           observation and that of deduction. He is only wanting in knowledge, and that may come in time. (The
           Sing of four.)

           It is better to learn wisdom late, than never to learn it all. (The Man with the Twisted Lip.)

Learn from your mistakes

           If it should ever strike you that I am getting a little over-confident in my powers, or giving less pains to
           a case than it deserves, kindly whisper 'Norbury' in my ear, and I shall be infinitely obliged to you .
           (The Yellow Face.)

Norbury was one the rare cases when Holmes was not at his best. He asked Watson to use this as a reminder to make sure that he did not become over-confident in the future.

This reminds me of Buffett after his investment in USAir in 1989. Within a few years the airline was in such difficulty that Buffett wrote down the investment by 75 percent while trying to sell the shares at 50 cents on the dollar. Fortunately for stockholder in Berkshire Hathaway, Buffett  was unsuccessful in finding  a buyer for within a year or two USAir returned to profitability. In the end, Buffett's action brought a healthy profit to Berkshire Hathaway.

On a personal level, Buffett admitted that the purchase was a result of sloppy analysis that may have been caused by hubris. To guard against a similar lapse in the future, he once joked, "So now I have this 800 number, and if I ever have the urge to buy an airline stock, I dial this number and I say my name iis Warren Buffett and I'm an airoholic. Then this guy talks me down on the other hand."

There were no 800 numbers in the late nineteenth century so Holmes had to rely on watson to 'yalk him down."

Check and double check  

           I have forged and tested every link of my chain, Professor Coram, and I am sure that it is sound.
           (The Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez.)

These are just small sampling of quotes from Sherlock Holmes that have an investing flavor. In fact, some of them seem to have been written as if their main purpose was to provide sound principles of investment, rather than as methods of criminal investigation. but perhaps we should not be surprised at this. After all, patience, tenacity, clarity of mind, a willingness to sift though the facts, resistance to necessary or premature speculation  are surely traits of the best detectives as they are of  the best investors.


I sent a copy this article to Warren Buffett and he replied:

Dear John:
      I enjoyed the Sherlock Holmes piece. Thanks for the dedication; I'm flattered.
                   (signed) Warren E. Buffett